To evaluate the association between texture parameters based on bi-parametric MRI and Gleason score (GS) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and to evaluate diagnostic performance of any significant parameter for discriminating clinically significant cancer (CSC, GS ≥ 7) from non-CSC.
A total of 116 patients who had been confirmed as prostate adenocarcinoma by radical prostatectomy or biopsy were divided into a training (n = 65) and a validation dataset (n = 51). All of the patients underwent preoperative 3T-MRI. Texture analysis was performed on axial T2WI and ADC maps (generated from b values, 0 and 1000 s/mm2) using dedicated software to cover the whole tumor volume. The correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the association between texture parameters and GS, and subsequent multiple regression analyses were applied for the significant parameters. To extract an optimal cut-off value for prediction of CSC, ROC curve analysis was performed.
In the training dataset, gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) entropy on ADC map was the only significant indicator for GS (coefficient of determination R2, 0.4227, P = 0.0034). The AUC of GLCM entropy on ADC map was 0.825 (95% CI 0.711-0.907) with a maximum accuracy of 82%, a sensitivity of 86%, a specificity of 71%. When a cut-off value of 2.92 was applied to the validation dataset, it showed an accuracy of 92%, a sensitivity of 98%, and a specificity of 70%.
GLCM entropy on ADC map was associated with GS in patients with PCa and its estimated accuracy for discriminating CSC from non-CSC was 82%.
Abdominal radiology (New York). 2020 Aug 01 [Epub ahead of print]
Tae Wook Baek, Seung Ho Kim, Sang Joon Park, Eun Joo Park
Department of Radiology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae-ro 875, Haeundae-gu, Busan, 48108, Korea., Department of Radiology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae-ro 875, Haeundae-gu, Busan, 48108, Korea. ., Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Daehak-ro 101, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Korea.