A comparison of side-effects and quality-of-life in patients operated on for prostate cancer with and without salvage radiation therapy.

Purpose: The extent of late side-effects in prostate cancer patients, after radical prostatectomy (RP = reference group) and salvage radiation therapy (SRT) in a self-reporting perspective (PROM) is still under-reported. We aimed to investigate the rate and severity of side-effects and quality-of-life (QoL) according to PROM.Methods and materials: A PROM survey was administered to a cohort of SRT patients matched to a reference group with median follow-up 10 years after surgery. In total, 740 patients were analyzed. To investigate the association between SRT versus reference group regarding side-effects and QoL, a Poisson regression analysis was conducted and presented as relative risk estimates (RR) together with 95% confidence intervals regarding questions related to urinary, rectal, sexual symptoms and QoL.Results: RRs ranged from of 1.7-6.5 on rectal symptoms and 1.2-1.4 for urinary symptoms. In general health, QoL and sexual function all RRs were below 1.1. With increasing age, higher RRs were seen for urinary leakage and lowered sexual function whereas longer time following irradiation showed higher RRs for rectal symptoms and rectal leakage. Limitations of this study include the cross-sectional design and lack of baseline assessment.Conclusions: Adding SRT to RP does not seem to result in other than acceptable side-effects in the majority of men receiving SRT when taking a long follow-up time (median 10 years after surgery) into account. However, a subset of men develop severe side-effects where rectal bleeding dominates.

Scandinavian journal of urology. 2020 Jul 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Karin Braide, Jon Kindblom, Ulrika Lindencrona, Marianne Månsson, Jonas Hugosson

Department of Urology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden., Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden., Department of Radiation Physics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.