Quantitative SWATH-Based Proteomic Profiling for Identification of Mechanism-Driven Diagnostic Biomarkers Conferring in the Progression of Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Prostate cancer (PCa), the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Therefore, demand exists for the identification of potential biomarkers for patient stratification according to prognostic risks and the mechanisms involved in cancer development and progression to avoid over/under treatment of patients and prevent relapse. Quantitative proteomic mass spectrometry profiling and gene enrichment analysis of TGF-β induced-EMT in human Prostate androgen-dependent (LNCaP) and androgen-independent (PC-3) adenocarcinoma cell lines was performed to investigate proteomics involved in Prostate carcinogenesis and their effect onto the survival of PCa patients. Amongst 1,795 proteins, which were analyzed, 474 proteins were significantly deregulated. These proteins contributed to apoptosis, gluconeogenesis, transcriptional regulation, RNA splicing, cell cycle, and MAPK cascade and hence indicating the crucial roles of these proteins in PCa initiation and progression. We have identified a panel of six proteins viz., GOT1, HNRNPA2B1, MAPK1, PAK2, UBE2N, and YWHAB, which contribute to cancer development, and the transition of PCa from androgen dependent to independent stages. The prognostic values of identified proteins were evaluated using UALCAN, GEPIA, and HPA datasets. The results demonstrate the utility of SWATH-LC-MS/MS for understanding the proteomics involved in EMT transition of PCa and identification of clinically relevant proteomic biomarkers.

Frontiers in oncology. 2020 Apr 08*** epublish ***

Anshika N Singh, Neeti Sharma

Symbiosis School of Biological Sciences, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India., School of Engineering, Ajeenkya DY Patil University (ADYPU), Pune, India.