Psychometric properties of the FACT-G quality of life scale for family caregivers of cancer patients.

This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of a caregiver version of the well-established Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General Scale (FACT-G) after conducting focus groups and obtaining expert input.

We made minor wording modifications to the Patient FACT-G to enable caregivers to report how the illness affected their overall quality of life (QOL) and well-being on four subscales (physical, social, emotional, functional). We tested the acceptability, precision, factor structure, reliability and validity of the Caregiver FACT-G among partners of prostate cancer patients (N = 263) and caregivers (spouses, siblings, adult children) of patients with advanced cancer (breast, lung, colorectal, prostate) (N = 484) using data from two Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs).

With a factor structure similar to the Patient FACT-G, Caregiver FACT-G was acceptable and precise in measuring caregiver QOL, with high inter-factor correlations and internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alphas 0.81-0.91). The Caregiver FACT-G had strong convergent validity demonstrated by significant positive correlations with caregiver self-efficacy (0.25-0.63), dyadic communication (0.18-0.51), and social support (0.18-0.54) in both samples. It also had strong discriminant validity evidenced by significant inverse correlations with negative appraisal of caregiving (- 0.37 to - 0.69), uncertainty (- 0.28 to - 0.53), hopelessness (- 0.25 to - 0.60), and avoidant coping (- 0.26 to - 0.58) in both samples. Caregivers' baseline FACT-G scores were significantly associated with their physical (0.23) and mental well-being (0.54; 4-month follow-up) and their depression (- 0.69; 3-month follow-up), indicating strong predictive validity.

This is the first study evaluating the psychometric properties of the Caregiver FACT-G. More psychometric testing is warranted, especially among caregivers of diverse sociocultural backgrounds.

Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2020 Apr 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Lixin Song, Xianming Tan, Jason Bredle, Antonia V Bennett, Laurel Northouse

School of Nursing, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Carrington Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7460, USA. ., UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chapel Hill, NC, USA., FACIT.org, 151 Bay Cove Drive, Ponte Vedra, FL, USA., School of Nursing, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.