Targeted Biopsy With Reduced Number of Cores: Optimal Sampling Scheme in Patients Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging/Transrectal Ultrasound Fusion Prostate Biopsy.

The 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined ultrasound (TRUS) targeted biopsy plus 12-core systematic biopsy (TBx + 12-SBx) was considered a reliable method for prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis. To find another optimal sampling scheme with fewer cores and the same efficiency as TBx + 12-SBx for prostate biopsy, 113 patients who underwent five different hypothetical sampling schemes were analyzed and compared with TBx + 12-SBx. The detection rates of targeted biopsy plus 6-core lateral systematic biopsy (TBx + lateral 6-SBx) for PCa and clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) (99.1% and 96.4%, respectively) were higher than other schemes, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of TBx + lateral 6-SBx for PCa and csPCa (0.991 and 0.990, respectively) were also significantly higher than other sampling schemes except TBx plus 6-core ipsilateral systematic biopsy (TBx + ipsilateral 6-SBx). Additionally, TBx + lateral 6-SBx had the lowest missed diagnosis rate. Thus, the TBx + lateral 6-SBx may be the optimal scheme for patients undergoing MRI/TRUS fusion prostate biopsy.

Ultrasound in medicine & biology. 2020 Feb 24 [Epub ahead of print]

Wei-Wei Shen, Li-Gang Cui, Wei-Qiang Ran, Yan Sun, Jie Jiang, Xin-Long Pei, Wen Chen

Department of Ultrasound, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China., Department of Ultrasound, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address: ., Department of Radiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.