Recovery of serum testosterone following neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy in Japanese prostate cancer patients treated with low-dose rate brachytherapy.

Objective: To investigate the time course of total testosterone (TT) recovery after cessation of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in Japanese patients treated with brachytherapy.Methods: In total, 125 patients with prostate cancer received 6 months of neoadjuvant ADT (nADT) followed by low-dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy. TT was measured every 3 months after cessation of nADT, and some predictive factors affecting TT recovery were analyzed.Results: The cumulative incidence rates of TT recovery to normal levels (TT ≥ 3.0 ng/mL) after 12 and 24 months cessation were 49.6% and 81.6%, respectively. The median interval to recover to normal TT was 15 months. In multivariate analysis, the use of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist as nADT significantly earlier improved to recovery to normal TT level (p = 0.046). Conversely, higher body mass index (BMI) and hypertension significantly prolonged TT recovery to normal (p = 0.026 and p = 0.026, respectively).Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of patients still had low TT levels 2 years after the cessation of 6 months nADT before LDR brachytherapy. Use of a GnRH agonist, higher BMI, and hypertension were the predictive factors for slower TT recovery to normal TT levels after the cessation of nADT.

The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2020 Feb 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Yuki Kato, Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Shohei Kawaguchi, Kouji Izumi, Yoshifumi Kadono, Atsushi Mizokami

Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.