a)Prostate cancer in sexual and gender minorities is an emerging medical and public health concern. The purpose of this review is to summarize the state of the science on prostate cancer in gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) and transgender women (TGW). We undertook a literature review of all publications on this topic through February 2017. With 88 unique papers (83) on prostate cancer in GBM and 5 case reports of prostate cancer in TGW), a small but robust literature has emerged.
b)The first half of this review critiques the literature to date, identifying gaps in approaches to study. The second half summarizes the key findings in eleven areas. In light of this admittedly limited literature, GBM appear to be screened for prostate cancer less than other men, but they are diagnosed with prostate cancer at about the same rate.
c)Compared to other men, GBM have poorer urinary, bowel, and overall quality-of-life outcomes but better sexual outcomes after treatment; all these findings need more research. Prostate cancer in TGW remains rare and under researched, as the literature is limited to single-case clinical reports.
Current sexual health reports. 2019 Nov 08 [Epub]
B R Simon Rosser, Shanda L Hunt, Benjamin D Capistrant, Nidhi Kohli, Badrinath R Konety, Darryl Mitteldorf, Michael W Ross, Kristine M Talley, William West
Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota., Education and Research Services, University of Minnesota., School of Social Work, Smith College., Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN., Department of Urology, Medical School, University of Minnesota., Malecare Cancer Support., Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN., School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN., Department of Writing Studies, University of Minnesota.