The Panel of 12 Cell-Free MicroRNAs as Potential Biomarkers in Prostate Neoplasms.

Prostate cancer is a global biological, medical, and social issue aggravated by the lack of reliable, highly specific, and sensitive non-invasive tests for diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer. One prospective source of biomarkers are the cell-free miRNAs present in various biological fluids. In the present study, we validated the diagnostic potential of cell-free miRNAs: miR-19b, miR-22, miR-92a, miR-378, miR-425, miR-30e, miR-31, miR-125b, miR-200b, miR-205, miR-375, and miR-660; we estimated the required sample size and the minimal miRNA set for a subsequent large-scale validation study. Relative expression of 12 miRNA combined in 31 ratios was investigated in three fractions of biological fluids (urine extracellular vesicles, clarified urine, and plasma) obtained from patients with prostate cancer (n = 10), benign prostate hyperplasia (n = 8), and healthy volunteers (n = 11). Eight of the miRNAs found in urine vesicles (miR-19b, miR-30e, miR-31, miR-92a, miR-125, miR-200, miR-205, and miR-660) showed great promise and when combined into six ratios (miR-125b/miR-30e, miR-200/miR-30e, miR-205/miR-30e, miR-31/miR-30e, miR-660/miR-30e, and miR-19b/miR-92a) could classify patients with prostate cancer, benign prostate hyperplasia, and healthy donors with 100% specificity, 100% sensitivity, and with a high degree of reliability for most donors.

Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Jan 10*** epublish ***

Maria Yu Konoshenko, Evgeniy A Lekchnov, Olga E Bryzgunova, Ivan A Zaporozhchenko, Sergey V Yarmoschuk, Oksana A Pashkovskaya, Svetlana V Pak, Pavel P Laktionov

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine SB RAS, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia., E.N. Meshalkin National Medical Research Center of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 630055 Novosibirsk, Russia.