Contrast media kinetics in multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging before radical prostatectomy predicts the probability of postoperative incontinence.

To evaluate the role of preoperative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as predictor of post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI).

We analyzed patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer at our institution between July 2015 and April 2017. In these patients, we measured the perfusion quality of the pelvic floor with contrast media kinetics in the preoperative MRI of the prostate and compared the levator ani muscle (region of interest) to the surrounding pelvic muscle structures (reference). Prospectively collected questionnaires regarding urinary incontinence were then evaluated 1 year postoperatively. Outcomes were dichotomized into "continent" (ICIQ-Score = 0-5) and "incontinent" (ICIQ-Score ≥ 6). In each patient, we determined the perfusion ratio of the levator ani muscle divided by the surrounding pelvic muscle structures and compared them among the groups.

Forty-two patients were included in the study (n = 22 in "continent", n = 20 in "incontinent" group). The median perfusion ratio from the continent group was significantly higher compared to the incontinent group (1.61 vs. 1.15; 95% CI 0.09-0.81, p = 0.015). The median perfusion ratio in "excellent" (ICIQ-Score = 0) was significantly higher than in "poor" (ICIQ-Score ≥ 11) outcomes (1.48 vs. 0.94; 95% CI 0.04-1.03, p = 0.036). Further, a higher perfusion ratio was negatively correlated with ICIQ-Score (r = - 0.33; 95% CI - 0.58 to 0.03; p = 0.031).

Our data demonstrate a promising new strategy to predict PPI through the perfusion quality of pelvic muscle structures with contrast media kinetics. This may facilitate preoperative patient consulting and decision-making.

World journal of urology. 2019 Sep 19 [Epub ahead of print]

Florian A Schmid, Marian S Wettstein, Thomas M Kessler, Thomas Hermanns, Andreas Boss, Andreas M Hötker, Daniel Eberli

Department of Urology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Frauenklinikstrasse 10, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland., Department of Neuro-Urology, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland., Department of Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland., Department of Urology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Frauenklinikstrasse 10, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland. .

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