Patient-related factors such as concern about cancer are believed to influence both men's decisions to undergo prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing and to have definitive treatment if diagnosed with low risk prostate cancer (PCa). The potential link between screening frequency and choice of active surveillance (AS) for low risk disease has not been studied previously. Our aim was to investigate whether there is any association between PCa screening frequency or previous negative prostate biopsy and uptake of AS among men with low risk PCa.
This register-based study included all men ≤75 years from Stockholm who were diagnosed with low risk PCa from 2008 to 2014 (n = 4336). Pre-diagnostic PSA testing and biopsy histories were obtained from the Stockholm PSA and Biopsy Register, a population-based register for the Stockholm country. The association between previous screening/biopsy history and AS uptake (based on primary treatment recorded in the National Prostate Cancer Register) was examined using multivariable logistic regression.
Forty seven percent of men with low risk PCa underwent AS. Uptake was associated with older age, very low risk disease, more recent diagnosis and absence of family history. None of the screening/biopsy measures (testing frequency, mean interval, PSA velocity, highest pre-diagnostic PSA or prior negative biopsy) were associated with uptake of AS among men with low risk PCa. Generalisability to settings with different policies and practices may be limited.
We found no evidence that screening frequency and negative biopsy influence uptake of AS among Swedish men with low risk PCa. Further research is required to determine factors that still present barriers for men taking up AS.
BMC urology. 2019 Aug 05*** epublish ***
Kerri Beckmann, Netty Kinsella, Henrik Olsson, Anna Wallerstedt Lantz, Tobias Nordstrom, Markus Aly, Jan Adolfsson, Martin Eklund, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
Translational Oncology & Urology Research, Comprehensive Cancer Centre, King's College London, 3rd Floor, Bermondsey Wing, Guy's Hospital, London, SE1 9RT, UK. ., Translational Oncology & Urology Research, Comprehensive Cancer Centre, King's College London, 3rd Floor, Bermondsey Wing, Guy's Hospital, London, SE1 9RT, UK., Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.