The main issue concerning localized prostate cancers is the lack of a suitable marker which could help patients' stratification at diagnosis and distinguish those with a benign disease from patients with a more aggressive cancer. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) are spread in the blood by invasive tumors and could be the ideal marker in this setting. Therefore, we have compiled data from the literature in order to obtain clues about the clinical impact of CTC in patients with localized prostate cancer. Forty-three publications have been found reporting analyses of CTC in patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer. Of these, we have made a further selection of 11 studies targeting patients with clinical or pathological stages T1 and T2 and reporting the clinical impact of CTC. The results of this search show encouraging data toward the use of CTC in patients with early-stage cancer. However, they also highlight the lack of standardized methods providing a highly sensitive and specific approach for the detection of prostate-derived CTC.
Cells. 2019 Jul 03*** epublish ***
Lucile Broncy, Patrizia Paterlini-Bréchot
INSERM Unit 1151, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris Descartes, 75014 Paris, France., INSERM Unit 1151, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris Descartes, 75014 Paris, France. .