Incorporating Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging-based Planning for the Delivery of High-dose-rate Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: An Evaluation of Clinical Feasibility and Dosimetric Outcomes.

Introduction To evaluate the implementation and dosimetric outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) planning for improved target and normal tissue definition for the treatment of prostate cancer with high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT). Methods From August 2015 to October 2017, 137 unique patients with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer underwent a total of 174 outpatient brachytherapy procedures using MRI-based treatment planning. Patients receiving brachytherapy as monotherapy underwent two separate procedures while those receiving brachytherapy as a boost after external beam radiation therapy underwent a single procedure. The target volume was defined as the prostate +/- seminal vesicles as clinically appropriate without any additional margin. Pre-treatment dose-volume histogram (DVH) goals to the target were: D90≥95%, V90≥95%, V100≥90%, V150≤30%, V200≤15%. DVH goals to organs-at-risk (OARs): urethra D.01cc ≤115%, bladder D1cc ≤75%, rectum D1cc ≤75%, neurovascular bundle D0.1cc ≤100%, penile bulb D1cc ≤100%. Procedure times were recorded at each step of the procedure, from catheter insertion to removal. Results The median target volume was 45.9 cc, the median volume receiving the prescription dose was 53.0 cc, and the median selectivity index was 0.9. The median values for target dosimetry were as follows: D90=99.9%, V90=95.7%, V100=90.1%, V150=28.1%, V200=10.5%. The median values for OAR dosimetry were: urethra D.01cc=114.3%, bladder D1cc=68.3%, rectum D1cc=51.8%, left neurovascular bundle D0.1cc=86.8%, right neurovascular bundle D0.1cc=88.5%, penile bulb D1cc=31.7%. The median time from catheter insertion to end of HDRBT delivery was four hours 14 minutes (range 2:56-9:08); total treatment package time was five hours 32 minutes (range 3:31-9:45). Conclusion Routine MRI-based treatment planning is feasible for the delivery of HDRBT for prostate cancer. We met stringent dosimetric criteria despite more objective target and normal tissue definition with MRI imaging. Treatment package time remains reasonable. We have adopted MRI as our standard imaging modality for HDRBT for prostate cancer.

Cureus. 2019 Feb 16*** epublish ***

Kunal Saigal, Sean All, Peter Potrebko, Nicholas Feranec, Andrew Keller, Mel Lizaso, Chris Warner, Nina Nguyen, Anudh Jain, Matthew Biagioli

Radiation Oncology, Florida Hospital, Orlando, USA., Radiation Oncology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA., Medical Physics, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA., Radiology, Florida Hospital, Orlando, USA., Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, USA.