Magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging in diagnosis of suspicious prostate cancer: A meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging (MRSI) in the diagnosis of suspected prostate cancer (PC).

We identified all the relevant papers from the EMBASE, PubMed, EBSCO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases and screened the reference lists. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies-version 2 tool was used to assess the study quality. Publication bias was analyzed using Deeks' funnel plot asymmetry test. We calculated the pooled sensitivities, specificities, positive likelihood ratios, negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and 95% confidence intervals. The results were evaluated by summary receiver-operating characteristic curves (SROCs). Ultimately, a univariable meta-regression and subgroup analysis, Fagan plot, and likelihood matrix were used to analyze this review.

A total of 19 articles, which were based on patient-level analysis of PC, were included. These studies had a pooled sensitivity, specificity, DOR, and an area under the SROC of 0.86, 0.78, 22, and 0.89, respectively, by patient-level analysis. From the likelihood matrix, the summary negative likelihood ratio and positive likelihood ratio for MRSI diagnosis of PC were concentrated on the right lower quadrant, which neither confirmed nor excluded the diagnosis of cancer.

MRSI has a relative application value in the diagnosis of cases of suspected PC. While MRSI is still required for diagnosis along with other clinical data and comprehensive analysis.

Medicine. 2019 Apr [Epub]

Weiguo Cai, Dongyong Zhu, Sama Byanju, Jie Chen, Hanfei Zhang, Yanfang Wang, Meiyan Liao

Department of Radiology, ZhongNan Hospital of WuHan University, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.