Three Tesla Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Comparison of Performance with and without Endorectal Coil for Prostate Cancer Detection, PI-RADS™ version 2 Category and Staging with Whole Mount Histopathology Correlation.

We investigated the performance of 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging with and without an endorectal coil to detect prostate cancer with a whole mount histopathology reference.

This retrospective HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) compliant, institutional review board approved, case-control study included patients who underwent 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging with and without an endorectal coil from July 2009 to December 2016 prior to prostatectomy. The tumor detection rate was calculated for total and index lesions. Lesion magnetic resonance imaging and histopathology features were compared between the 2 groups. Using SPSS®, version 24 p <0.05 was considered significant.

A total of 871 whole mount histopathology lesions in 429 patients with a mean ± SD age of 61.8 ± 7 years were included in analysis. The subcohorts with and without an endorectal coil comprised 260 and 169 patients with a total of 529 and 342 lesions, respectively. The overall tumor detection rates in all patients, and in the endorectal coil and nonendorectal coil subcohorts were 49.6% (432 of 871 patients), 50.5% (267 of 529) and 48.2% (165 of 342), respectively. The index tumor detection rates overall, and in the endorectal coil and nonendorectal coil subcohorts were 77.6% (333 of 429 patients), 78.5% (204 of 260) and 76.3% (129 of 169), respectively. In the endorectal coil and nonendorectal coil subcohorts we detected 35.9% (66 of 184) and 48.4% (76 of 157) of anterior lesions (p = 0.019), 58% (200 of 345) and 48.1% (89 of 185) of posterior lesions (p = 0.025), 37.3% (41 of 110) and 54.4% (62 of 114) of transition zone lesions (p = 0.010), and 53.7% (225 of 419) and 45.2% (103 of 228) of peripheral lesions (p = 0.033), respectively. After adjusting for clinical and pathological factors the endorectal coil group only showed higher detection of peripheral and posterior prostate cancer.

We found that 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging with and without an endorectal coil had similar detection of overall and index prostate cancer. However, the endorectal coil subcohort had significantly higher detection of posterior and peripheral prostate cancer, and lower detection of anterior and transition zone prostate cancer.

The Journal of urology. 2019 Mar [Epub]

Sohrab Afshari Mirak, Sepideh Shakeri, Amirhossein Mohammadian Bajgiran, Ely R Felker, Kyung Hyun Sung, Nazanin Hajarol Asvadi, Pooria Khoshnoodi, Daniela Markovic, Danielle Ponzini, Preeti Ahuja, Anthony Sisk, Robert E Reiter, David Lu, Steven S Raman

Departments of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California., Department of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California., Pathology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California., Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California.

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