Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the promising targets for cancer chemotherapy that cannot be eliminated by conventional chemotherapy. In this study cationic liposomes of cabazitaxel (CBX) and silibinin (SIL) were prepared with an aim to kill cancer cells and CSCs for prostate cancer. CBX act as cancer cell inhibitor and SIL as CSC inhibitor. Hyaluronic acid (HA), an endogenous anionic polysaccharide was coated on cationic liposomes for targeting CD44 receptors over expressed on CSCs. Liposomes were prepared by ethanol injection method with particle size below 100 nm and entrapment efficiency of more than 90% at 10% w/w drug loading. Liposomes were characterized by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Liposomes were evaluated for their anticancer action in androgen independent human prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3 and DU-145). HA coated liposomes showed potential cytotoxicity over other groups with low IC50, significantly inhibited cell migration and induced apoptosis. Synergistic cytotoxic effect was also observed with HA coated liposomes that resulted in colony formation inhibition and G2/M phase arrest. Proficient cytotoxicity against CD44+ cells (14.87 ± 0.41% in PC-3 and 33.95 ± 0.68% in DU-145 cells) indicated the efficiency of HA coated liposomes towards CSC targeting. Hence, the outcome of this combinational therapy with CD44 targeting indicates the suitability of HA coated CBX and SIL co-loaded liposomes as a potential approach for eradicating prostate cancer and herein might provide a insight for future studies.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2018 Dec 13 [Epub ahead of print]
Shaheen Mahira, Nagavendra Kommineni, Gulam Mohammed Husain, Wahid Khan
Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER), Hyderabad 500037, India., Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), Hyderabad 500 038, India., Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER), Hyderabad 500037, India. Electronic address: .