Radiation treatment monitoring with DCE-US in CWR22 prostate tumor xenografts

Background Longitudinal monitoring of potential radiotherapy treatment effects can be determined by dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US). Purpose To assess functional parameters by means of DCE-US in a murine subcutaneous model of human prostate cancer, and their relationship to dose deposition and time-frame after treatment. A special focus has been placed to evaluate the vascular heterogeneity of the tumor and on the most suitable data analysis approach that reflects this heterogeneity. Material and Methods In vivo DCE-US was acquired 24 h and 48 h after radiation treatment with a single dose of 7.5 Gy and 10 Gy, respectively. Tumor vasculature was characterized pixelwise using the Brix pharmacokinetic analysis of the time-intensity curves. Results Longitudinal changes were detected ( P < 0.001) at 24 h and 48 h after treatment. At 48 h, the eliminating rate constant of the contrast agent from the plasma, kel, was correlated ( P ≤ 0.05) positively with microvessel density (MVD; rτ = 0.7) and negatively with necrosis (rτ = -0.6) for the treated group. Furthermore, Akep, a parameter related to transcapillary transport properties, was also correlated to MVD (rτ = 0.6, P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion DCE-US has been shown to detect vascular changes at a very early stage after radiotherapy, which is a great advantage since DCE-US is non-invasive, available at most hospitals, and is low in cost compared to other techniques used in clinical practice.

Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987). 2018 Sep 19 [Epub ahead of print]

Natalia Arteaga-Marrero, Jose F Mainou-Gomez, Cecilie Brekke Rygh, Nataliya Lutay, Dieter Roehrich, Rolf K Reed, Dag R Olsen

1 Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway., 3 Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway., 4 Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway., 6 Imagene-iT AB, Medicon Village Scheelevägen 2, Lund, Sweden.