First-in-human study of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

This translational study is designed to assess the safety, dosimetry and therapeutic response to a single, low-dose of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 in comparison to 177Lu-PSMA-617 in patients with mCRPC.

Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, nine patients with mCRPC were recruited. Four patients accepted intravenous injection of 0.80-1.1 GBq (21.5-30 mCi) of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617, then underwent serial whole-body planar and SPECT/CT imaging at 2, 24, 72, 120 and 168 h. The other five patients accepted intravenous injection of 1.30-1.42 GBq (35-38.4 mCi) 177Lu-PSMA-617, then underwent the same imaging procedures at 0.5, 2, 24, 48, and 72 h. All patients were evaluated by 68Ga-PSMA-617 PET/CT before and one month after the treatment. Dosimetry evaluation was compared in both patient groups.

When the bone metastasis tumors with comparable baseline SUVmax in the range of 10.0-15.0 were selected from the two groups for comparison, the accumulated radioactivity of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 was about 3.02-fold higher than that of 177Lu-PSMA-617. Imaging dose of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 treatment showed significant decrease of 68Ga-PSMA-617 uptake within a month, which was not observed in patients imaged with 177Lu-PSMA-617 (SUV change: -32.43 ± 0.14% vs. 0.21 ± 0.37%; P = 0.002). 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 also had higher absorbed doses in the red bone marrow and kidneys than 177Lu-PSMA-617 (0.0547 ± 0.0062 vs. 0.0084 ± 0.0057 mSv/MBq for red bone marrow, P < 0.01; 2.39 ± 0.69 vs. 0.39 ± 0.06 mSv/MBq for kidneys, P < 0.01).

This first-in-human study demonstrated that 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 had higher accumulation in mCRPC and that low imaging dose appears to be effective in treating tumors with high 68Ga-PSMA-617 uptakes. Elevated uptakes of 177Lu-EB-PSMA-617 in kidneys and red bone marrow were well tolerated at the administered low dose. Further investigations with increased dose and frequency of administration are warranted.

European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 2018 Aug 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Jie Zang, Xinrong Fan, Hao Wang, Qingxing Liu, Jingnan Wang, Hui Li, Fang Li, Orit Jacobson, Gang Niu, Zhaohui Zhu, Xiaoyuan Chen

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and PUMC, Beijing, 100730, China., Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and PUMC, Beijing, 100730, China., Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine (LOMIN), National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and PUMC, Beijing, 100730, China. ., Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine (LOMIN), National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA. .

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