This prospective multicentre-study aimed to analyze return to work (RTW) among prostate cancer survivors 12 months after having attended a cancer rehabilitation program and to identify risk factors for no and late RTW.
Seven hundred eleven employed prostate cancer survivors treated with radical prostatectomy completed validated self-rating questionnaires at the beginning, the end, and 12 months post rehabilitation. Disease-related data was obtained from physicians and medical records. Work status and time until RTW were assessed at 12-months follow-up. Data were analyzed by univariate analyses (t-tests, chi-square-tests) and multivariate logistic regression models (OR with 95% CI).
The RTW rate at 12-months follow-up was 87% and the median time until RTW was 56 days. Univariate analyses revealed significant group differences in baseline personal characteristics and health status, psychosocial well-being and work-related factors between survivors who had vs. had not returned to work. Patients' perceptions of not being able to work (OR 3.671) and feeling incapable to return to the former job (OR 3.162) were the strongest predictors for not having returned to work at 12-months follow-up. Being diagnosed with UICC tumor stage III (OR 2.946) and patients' perceptions of not being able to work (OR 4.502) were the strongest predictors for late RTW (≥ 8 weeks).
A high proportion of prostate cancer survivors return to work after a cancer rehabilitation program. However, results indicate the necessity to early identify survivors with low RTW motivation and unfavorable work-related perceptions who may benefit from intensified occupational support during cancer rehabilitation.
BMC cancer. 2018 Jul 20*** epublish ***
Anneke Ullrich, Hilke Maria Rath, Ullrich Otto, Christa Kerschgens, Martin Raida, Christa Hagen-Aukamp, Corinna Bergelt
Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany. ., Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany., Rehabilitation Clinics Hartenstein GmbH, Clinic Quellental, Bad Wildungen, Germany., Vivantes Rehabilitation Clinic GmbH, Berlin, Germany., HELIOS Rehabilitation Clinic Bergisch-Land, Wuppertal, Germany., Niederrhein Rehabilitation Clinic, Korschenbroich, Germany.