Can Early Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Obviate the Need for Postdiuresis Image in 68Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC Scan for Evaluation of Prostate Adenocarcinoma?

Forced diuresis technique is often adopted to wash out the high amount of urinary radioactivity that masks the foci of abnormal uptake in the pelvic region on 68Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan in prostate cancer (PC) patients. However, this method is time-consuming, makes the patient non/less compliant, and is not feasible in patients with renal dysfunction. We hypothesized that early dynamic imaging can obviate the need for a postdiuresis view as the urinary activity is expected to be low at the time.

A total of 20 biopsy-proven PC patients who were referred to our department for a 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for staging/restaging were prospectively studied. Dynamic PET/CT was done with on table intravenous (i.v.) injection of 2-3 mCi (74-111 MBq) of the radiotracer. Dynamic images were acquired over the pelvis with a frame time of 1 min for 10 min. Static images of 2 min/bed position were acquired between 45 and 60 min p.i. The patients were then administered i.v. furosemide and encouraged water intake and frequent urination. A static view of pelvic region was acquired at 5 min/bed at 120 min p.i. A three-dimensional volume of interest (3D-VOI) was plotted on the primary lesion, bladder, involved nodes if any, pelvic bones at involved and uninvolved sites, gluteal muscles, and artery. The sentence seems fine. This was to generate the Time activity curve for analysis.

Nine patients were referred for staging and 11 for restaging. Mean age of 20 patients was 64.6 years, and median prostate-specific antigen level was 21.4 ng/ml (range: 0.05-2180). Prostatic lesion was present in 20 patients, nodal involvement in 8, and bone involvement in 10 patients. Median maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the prostatic lesion (P) showed an ascending trend: 5.31 at 5 min, 10.65 at 60 min, and 10.52 at 120 min p.i. At the same time, median SUVmax of the bladder (B) also progressed steeply and then decreased postdiuresis: 1.01 at 5 min, 24.6 at 60 min, and 6.88 at 120 min. Despite forced diuresis, the bladder activity remained higher than that during early dynamic imaging. Median prostate-to-bladder (P/B) ratio was highest during early dynamic imaging at 5 min p.i. was 5.17, while at 60 min, P/B ratio was 0.42 (P = 0.002) and, at 120 min, it was 1.27 (P = 0.009). Further, all the nodal and bone lesions were clearly visualized on early dynamic images.

The study results suggest that early dynamic imaging performs better than a postdiuresis view in terms of delineation of prostatic and regional lesions on 68Ga-PSMA scan. Further, it saves time and the patients are more compliant to this technique.

Indian journal of nuclear medicine : IJNM : the official journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India. 0000 Jan [Epub]

Gazala Perveen, Geetanjali Arora, Nishikant Avinash Damle, Meghana Prabhu, Saurabh Arora, Madhavi Tripathi, Chandrasekhar Bal, Praveen Kumar, Rajeev Kumar, Prabhjot Singh, Chandan Jyoti Das, Averilicia Passah

Department of Nuclear Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India., Department of Urology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India., Department of Radiodiagnosis, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

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