Tumor heterogeneity strongly affects the molecular mechanisms driving resistance to hormonal therapies in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Since the current use of available treatments can be optimized on the basis of the molecular profile of tumor, the present review focuses on genetic biomarkers in prostate cancer and their application to a personalized treatment.
Critical reviews in oncology/hematology. 2018 Mar 06 [Epub]
Marzia Del Re, Stefania Crucitta, Giuliana Restante, Eleonora Rofi, Elena Arrigoni, Elisa Biasco, Andrea Sbrana, Erika Coppi, Luca Galli, Sergio Bracarda, Daniele Santini, Romano Danesi
Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: ., Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy., Medical Oncology Unit, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy., Department of Oncology, Azienda USL Toscana Sud-Est, Arezzo, Italy., Oncology Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital, Rome, Italy.