We report the discovery of a novel nonsteroidal dual-action compound, ODM-204, that holds promise for treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), an advanced form of prostate cancer characterised by high androgen receptor (AR) expression and persistent activation of the AR signaling axis by residual tissue androgens. For ODM-204, has a dual mechanism of action. The compound is anticipated to efficiently dampen androgenic stimuli in the body by inhibiting CYP17A1, the prerequisite enzyme for the formation of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone (T), and by blocking AR with high affinity and specificity. In our study, ODM-204 inhibited the proliferation of androgen-dependent VCaP and LNCaP cells in vitro and reduced significantly tumour growth in a murine VCaP xenograft model in vivo. Intriguingly, after a single oral dose of 10-30 mg/kg, ODM-204 dose-dependently inhibited adrenal and testicular steroid production in sexually mature male cynomolgus monkeys. Similar results were obtained in human chorionic gonadotropin-treated male rats. In rats, leuprolide acetate-mediated (LHRH agonist) suppression of the circulating testosterone levels and decrease in weights of androgen-sensitive organs was significantly and dose-dependently potentiated by the co-administration of ODM-204. ODM-204 was well tolerated in both rodents and primates. Based on our data, ODM-204 could provide an effective therapeutic option for men with CRPC.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. 2018 Feb 10 [Epub ahead of print]
Riikka Oksala, Anu Moilanen, Reetta Riikonen, Petteri Rummakko, Arja Karjalainen, Mikko Passiniemi, Gerd Wohlfahrt, Päivi Taavitsainen, Chira Malmström, Meri Ramela, Hanna-Maija Metsänkylä, Riikka Huhtaniemi, Pekka J Kallio, Mika Vj Mustonen
Orion Corporation Orion Pharma, Tengströminkatu 8, PL 425, 20101, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: ., Orion Corporation Orion Pharma, Tengströminkatu 8, PL 425, 20101, Turku, Finland., Institute of Biomedicine and Turku Center for Disease Modeling, University of Turku, Turku, Finland., Orion Corporation Orion Pharma, Tengströminkatu 8, PL 425, 20101, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: .