Immunohistochemically detected IDH1R132H mutation is rare and mostly heterogeneous in prostate cancer

IDH1 mutations are oncogenic through induction of DNA damage and genome instability. They are of therapeutic interest because they confer increased sensitivity to radiation and cytotoxic therapy and hold potential for vaccination therapy.

In this study, we analyzed more than 17,000 primary prostate cancer tissues with a mutation-specific antibody for the IDH1R132H mutation.

IDH1 mutation-specific staining was found in 42 of 15,531 (0.3%) interpretable cancers. IDH1 mutation was associated with higher preoperative PSA and Gleason grade (p < 0.05, each) but was unrelated to PSA recurrence. A comparison with other molecular tumor features available from earlier studies revealed that TMPRSS2-ERG fusion as well as deletion of PTEN, 5q21, 6q15, and 3p13 was less frequent in IDH1-mutated than in non-mutated cancer. Increased lethality of genetically instable, "aberration-rich" cancer cells in the presence of IDH1 mutations could possibly explain this observation. Heterogeneity analysis revealed a homogeneous mutation in only 1 of 16 IDH1-mutated cancers. This high degree of heterogeneity may profoundly limit therapeutic targeting of IDH1 mutations in prostate cancer.

The data show that 0.3% of prostate cancers have an IDH1R132H mutation and that these are mostly heterogeneous. Once specific anti-IDH1 therapy becomes reality, only a very small group of prostate cancer patients may benefit from such a treatment.

World journal of urology. 2018 Feb 09 [Epub ahead of print]

Andrea Hinsch, Meta Brolund, Claudia Hube-Magg, Martina Kluth, Ronald Simon, Christina Möller-Koop, Guido Sauter, Stefan Steurer, Andreas Luebke, Alexander Angerer, Corinna Wittmer, Emily Neubauer, Cosima Göbel, Franziska Büscheck, Sarah Minner, Waldemar Wilczak, Thorsten Schlomm, Frank Jacobsen, Till Sebastian Clauditz, Till Krech, Maria Christina Tsourlakis, Cornelia Schroeder

Institute of Pathology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany., Institute of Pathology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany. ., Martini-Clinic, Prostate Cancer Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

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