This article reviews the most up-to-date surgical treatment options for the reconstructive management of patients with penile, urethral, and scrotal cancer. Each organ system is examined individually. Techniques and discussion for penile cancer reconstruction include Mohs surgery, glans resurfacing, partial and total glansectomy, and phalloplasty. Included in the penile cancer reconstruction section is the use of penile prosthesis in phalloplasty patients after penectomy, tissue engineering in phallic regeneration, and penile transplantation. Reconstruction following treatment of primary urethral carcinoma and current techniques for scrotal cancer reconstruction using split-thickness skin grafts and flaps are described.
The Urologic clinics of North America. 2016 Nov [Epub]
Michael Bickell, Jonathan Beilan, Jared Wallen, Lucas Wiegand, Rafael Carrion
Department of Urology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA., Department of Urology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address: .