Focal therapies for superficial penile cancer are today important treatments since organ preservation in penile cancer has a much higher priority than it used to. Because a local recurrence does not substantially influence long-term tumour-specific survival, a slightly higher risk of local recurrence is accepted in favour of maximum organ sparing.
Topical chemotherapy and laser ablation can be used for carcinoma in situ, while laser ablation and surgical options are used for Ta/T1 tumours. Radiotherapeutic options can be used, but carry a much higher rate of local complications and lower local control rates.
Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 2016 Apr 27 [Epub ahead of print]
O W Hakenberg, C Protzel
Urologische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Deutschland. Urologische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Deutschland.