Primary urethral cancer is exceedingly rare, resulting in a limitation in clinicians' experience, and an accurate diagnosis is often delayed due to the non-specific clinical presentation. Here, we present this case report to show the treatment of a patient with primary urethral cancer. Our patient was diagnosed as having primary urethral cancer in the First Clinical Hospital of Yichang by cystoscopy and biopsy. Due to her age, poor physical tolerance, and economic condition, she refused radical operation. Since there is no definite guideline for the treatment process of primary urethral cancer in clinics, operation methods and postoperative adjuvant treatments vary in different hospitals, leading to diverse prognostic effects.
An 88-year-old Asian woman had difficulty in urinating for more than 6 months and the syndrome was aggravated for 1 month. She chose a relatively conservative treatment plan: primary tumor resection combined with bladder perfusion chemotherapy. Postoperative pathology revealed "urethra" high-grade urothelial carcinoma (sarcoma-like variants) with extensive necrosis. After treatment with intravesical chemotherapeutic drug (hydroxycamptothecin 40 mg), she was eventually released from our hospital in a stable condition. Postoperation follow-up was performed to observe to what extent this conservative treatment plan improved the quality of life and overall survival time of our patient.
She needed radical resection according to the actual situation. However, her age restricted her tolerance to general anesthesia; relatively conservative treatment options are available to ensure a high quality of life. The treatment of primary tumor resection combined with bladder perfusion chemotherapy is feasible. This case highlights the importance of the dissemination of new cases and optimizing primary urethral cancer diagnosis to obtain an effective treatment.
Journal of medical case reports. 2019 Nov 29*** epublish ***
Huan Chen, Li Li Zou, Chuan Jiang Dong, Tao Li, Zi Qiang Dong
Yichang Central People's Hospital, Institute of Urology, The First College of Clinical Medical Science, Three Gorges University, No. 183, Xiling District, Yichang, 443000, Yichang Hubei Province, China., The Institute of Infection and Inflammation, China Three Gorges University, No. 8 University road, Xiling District, Yichang, 443000, Yichang Hubei Province, China., Yichang Central People's Hospital, Institute of Urology, The First College of Clinical Medical Science, Three Gorges University, No. 183, Xiling District, Yichang, 443000, Yichang Hubei Province, China. .