[French ccAFU guidelines - update 2018-2020: Penile cancer].

To update French oncology guidelines concerning penile cancer.

Comprehensive Medline search between 2016 and 2018 upon diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of testicular germ cell cancer to update 2016-2018 guidelines. Level of evidence was evaluated according to AGREE-II.

Epidermoid carcinoma is the most common penile cancer histology. Physical examination is mandatory to define local and inguinal nodal cancer stage. MRI with artificial erection can help to assess deep infiltration in cases of organ-sparing intention. Node negative patients (defined by palpation and imaging) will present micro nodal metastases in up to 25% of cases. Invasive lymph node assessment is thus advocated except for low risk patients. Sentinel node dynamic biopsy is the first line technique. Modified bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy is an option with higher morbidity. 18-FDG-PET is recommended in patients with palpable nodes. Chest, abdominal and pelvis computerized tomography is an option. Fine needle aspiration (when positive) is an easy way to assess inguinal palpable node pathological involvement. Treatment is mostly surgical. Free margins status is essential, but it also has to be organ-sparing when possible. Brachytherapy and topic agents can cure in selected cases. Lymph node assessment should be synchronous to the removal of the tumour when possible. Limited inguinal lymph node involvement (pN1 stage) can be cured with the only lymphadenectomy. In case of larger lymph node stage, one should consider multidisciplinary treatment including chemotherapy and inclusion in a trial.

Penile cancer needs demanding surgery to be cured, surrounded by chemotherapy in node positive patients. Lymph nodes involvement is a major prognostic factor. Thus, inguinal node assessment cannot be neglected.

Progres en urologie : journal de l'Association francaise d'urologie et de la Societe francaise d'urologie. 2018 Oct 22 [Epub ahead of print]

P H Savoie, A Fléchon, N Morel-Journel, T Murez, L Ferretti, P Camparo, L Rocher, P Sèbe, A Méjean

Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, hôpital d'instruction des armées Sainte-Anne, BP 600, 83800 Toulon cedex 09, France. Electronic address: ., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'oncologie médicale, centre Léon-Bérard, 28, rue Laennec, 69008 Lyon, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, centre hospitalier Lyon Sud (Pierre Bénite), HCL groupement hospitalier du Sud, 69495 Pierre Bénite cedex, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, CHRU de Montpellier, 371, Avenue du Doyen-Gaston-Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, MSP de Bordeaux-Bagatelle, 203, route de Toulouse, BP 50048, 33401 Talence cedex, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Centre de pathologie, 51, rue de Jeanne-D'Arc, 80000 Amiens, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service de radiologie, HU Paris Sud, site Kremlin-Bicêtre, AP-HP, 94270 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, groupe hospitalier Diaconesses Croix Saint Simon, 125, rue d'Avron, 75020 Paris, France., Comité de cancérologie de l'Association française d'urologie, groupe organes génitaux externes, maison de l'urologie, 11, rue Viète, 75017 Paris, France; Service d'urologie, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, université Paris Descartes, AP-HP, 75015 Paris, France.

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