A retrospective study was used to investigate the incidence of prostatic diseases in a large population of dogs at Alfort Veterinary Hospital and to clarify epidemiologic features, which might be of a great help to veterinarians in managing and discriminating prostatic disorders.
During the investigation period, a total of 72,300 male dogs (coming mainly from the Ile-de-France region) were registered in the Alfort Veterinary College database, and 481 of them (0. 7%) were found to have prostatic disorder. The diagnosis was carried out on the basis of clinical signs and ultrasound findings. Among dogs experiencing a prostatic disorder, most frequently recorded diseases were benign prostatic hyperplasia (45. 9%) and prostatitis (38. 5%), followed by abscesses (7. 7%), cysts (5. 0%), neoplasia (2. 6%), and squamous metaplasia (0. 2%). Our study revealed an incidence of 0. 3% of prostatic disorders observed in intact male dogs, except in the case of prostatic neoplasia. The mean age of the dogs experiencing prostatic disorders was 8. 6 ± 3. 2 years. This was significantly different (P < 0. 001). Large dogs were significantly more affected by prostatic disorders (P < 0. 05), except for prostatic neoplasia. A breed predisposition was suspected in German Shepherd (odds ratio [OR] = 2. 1; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1. 5-2. 9), Rottweiler (OR = 1. 8; 95% CI: 1. 2-2. 7), American Staffordshire Terrier (OR = 3. 8; 95% CI: 2. 5-5. 8), Berger de Beauce (OR = 3. 7; 95% CI: 2. 2-6. 1), and Bernese Mountain Dog (OR = 2. 5; 95% CI: 1. 3-4. 7).
Theriogenology. 2015 Nov 02 [Epub ahead of print]
A Polisca, A Troisi, E Fontaine, L Menchetti, A Fontbonne
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. , Centre d'Etude de Reproduction des Carnivores (CERCA), Alfort Veterinary College, Paris, France; UMR 1198 INRA, Alfort Veterinary College, Paris, France. , Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. , Centre d'Etude de Reproduction des Carnivores (CERCA), Alfort Veterinary College, Paris, France.