Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
This retrospective study compared the effects of single and multiple administrations of 186Re-hydroxyethylidenediphosphonate (186Re-HEDP) on palliation and survival of prostate cancer patients presenting with more than 5 skeletal metastases.
A total of 60 patients were divided into 3 groups. Group A (n = 19) consisted of patients who had received a single injection; group B (n = 19), patients who had 2 injections; and group C (n = 22), patients who had 3 or more successive injections. The 188Re-HEDP was prepared using non-carrier-added (188)Re obtained from an in-house 188W/188Re generator after dilution with carrier perrhenate. Patients' data available from the referring physicians-including prostate-specific antigen levels-were entered into a Windows-based matrix and analyzed using a statistical program. The Gleason scores were similar for all 3 groups.
Mean survival from the start of treatment was 4.50 ± 0.81 mo (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.92-6.08) for group A, 9.98 ± 2.21 mo (95% CI, 5.65-14.31) for group B, and 15.66 ± 3.23 (95% CI, 9.33-22.0) for group C. Although the 3 groups did not differ in Gleason score, the number of lost life-years was significantly lower in group C than in groups A and B. Pain palliation was achieved in 89.5% of group A, 94.7% of group B, and 90.9% of group C.
Posttreatment overall survival could be improved from 4.50 to 15.66 mo by multiple-injection bone-targeted therapy with 188Re-HEDP, when compared with a single injection. Significant pain palliation was common and independent of administration frequency.
Biersack HJ, Palmedo H, Andris A, Rogenhofer S, Knapp FF, Guhlke S, Ezziddin S, Bucerius J, von Mallek D. Are you the author?
Reference: J Nucl Med. 2011 Oct 5. Epub ahead of print.