Palliation and survival after repeated 188Re-HEDP therapy of hormone-refractory bone metastases of prostate cancer: A retrospective analysis - Abstract

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.


This retrospective study compared the effects of single and multiple administrations of 186Re-hydroxyethylidenediphosphonate (186Re-HEDP) on palliation and survival of prostate cancer patients presenting with more than 5 skeletal metastases.

A total of 60 patients were divided into 3 groups. Group A (n = 19) consisted of patients who had received a single injection; group B (n = 19), patients who had 2 injections; and group C (n = 22), patients who had 3 or more successive injections. The 188Re-HEDP was prepared using non-carrier-added (188)Re obtained from an in-house 188W/188Re generator after dilution with carrier perrhenate. Patients' data available from the referring physicians-including prostate-specific antigen levels-were entered into a Windows-based matrix and analyzed using a statistical program. The Gleason scores were similar for all 3 groups.

Mean survival from the start of treatment was 4.50 ± 0.81 mo (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.92-6.08) for group A, 9.98 ± 2.21 mo (95% CI, 5.65-14.31) for group B, and 15.66 ± 3.23 (95% CI, 9.33-22.0) for group C. Although the 3 groups did not differ in Gleason score, the number of lost life-years was significantly lower in group C than in groups A and B. Pain palliation was achieved in 89.5% of group A, 94.7% of group B, and 90.9% of group C.

Posttreatment overall survival could be improved from 4.50 to 15.66 mo by multiple-injection bone-targeted therapy with 188Re-HEDP, when compared with a single injection. Significant pain palliation was common and independent of administration frequency.

Written by:
Biersack HJ, Palmedo H, Andris A, Rogenhofer S, Knapp FF, Guhlke S, Ezziddin S, Bucerius J, von Mallek D.   Are you the author?

Reference: J Nucl Med. 2011 Oct 5. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.2967/jnumed.111.093674

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21976530 Prostate Cancer Section