Sesquiterpene lactones, which are found in plants of the Asteraceae family, contain costunolide (CO) and dehydrocostus lactone (DCL) as indicator material. CO, in particular, has been reported to possess varied pharmacological activity, including anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidant effects. This study was designed to characterize the effects of CO and DCL on benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH).
Rats were injected subcutaneously daily for 8 weeks with 5 mg/kg testosterone to induce prostatic hyperplasia. Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups of 10 animals each and received the following treatment: I. Normal control group; II. BPH-induced group; III. CO group (0.075 mg/kg); IV. DCL group (0.075 mg/kg); and V. Finasteride group (0.8 mg/kg). After treatment, changes in prostate weight and serum biochemical indices, serum dihydrotestosterone level, and mRNA levels of BCL2 were measured and histological examinations performed.
Absolute and relative prostate weight in the indicator material treated groups, as well as prostate volume, decreased compared to those in the disease-induced group. Epithelial cell thickness increased significantly in the disease-induced group, with a significant decrease being observed in the CO group. The level of the anti-apoptotic protein BCL2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) tended to decrease to a greater extent in the DCL group than in the disease-induced group.
In this study, we confirmed that the indicator materials (CO and DCL) can help suppress the development of BPH.
The world journal of men's health. 2019 Sep 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Dohyun Choi, Jiyeon Kim, Jinho An, Seonhwa Hong, Youngcheon Song, Hyunseok Kong
KOSA BIO Inc., Seongnam, Korea., College of Pharmacy, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea., College of Animal Biotechnology and Resource, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea. .