Structural and functional abnormalities of penile cavernous endothelial cells result in erectile dysfunction at experimental autoimmune prostatitis rat.

There is growing recognition of the association of CP/CPPS accompany with ED. However, the specific mechanism of action remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate structural and functional abnormalities of cavernous endothelial cells in EAP rat, which may result in the ED.

we use rat prostate protein extract supplemented with immunoadjuvant to induce EAP rat, ICP and MAP were measured and inflammatory factor infiltration, Akt, eNOS, AR, nNOS and iNOS in the corpus cavernosum were tested. Subsequently, the normal rat and EAP rat cavernosum endothelial cells were purified by MACS, and the metabolism, oxidative stress, MMP, Akt, eNOS, AR and iNOS were evaluated.

The EAP rat model was successfully constructed. The ratio of max ICP/MAP in EAP rat was significantly lower and TNF-α infiltration in corpus cavernosum was significantly higher than normal rats. Besides, Akt, eNOS and AR were decreased, iNOS was significantly increased. The growth and metabolism of endothelial cells in the EAP rats corpus cavernosum decreased and inflammatory factor mRNA was increased and intracellular oxidative stress was also increased significantly. The MMP of EAP rats cavernosum endothelial cells decreased and the expression of Akt, eNOS and AR were also significantly decreased, iNOS was significantly increased.

The prostate suffer local inflammatory infiltrate and promotes cytokines infiltrated into corpus cavernosum caused the oxidative stress increases and the metabolism or MMP decreases. In addition, AR, Akt and eNOS expression and phosphorylation are also reduced, thereby inhibiting the diastolic function of the corpus cavernosum, resulting in decreased erectile function.

Journal of inflammation (London, England). 2019 Jul 25*** epublish ***

Tianrun Huang, Guangchun Wang, Yangyang Hu, Heng Shi, Keyi Wang, Lei Yin, Bo Peng

Department of Urology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, NO 301 Yanchang Road, Shanghai, 200072 People's Republic of China.

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