Anti-survivin effect of the small molecule inhibitor YM155 in RCC cells is mediated by time-dependent inhibition of the NF-κB pathway.

Constitutive activation of the NF-κB signaling cascade is associated with tumourigenesis and poor prognosis in many human cancers including RCC. YM155, a small molecule inhibitor of survivin, was previously shown to potently inhibit the viability of immortalized and patient derived renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. Here we investigated the role of NF-κB signaling to the anti-cancer properties of YM155 in RCC786.0 cells. YM155 diminished nuclear levels of p65 and phosphorylated p65 and attenuated the transcriptional competencies of the p65/p50 heterodimers. Accordingly, we found that YM155 diminished the transcription of NF-κB target gene survivin. Events that led to the interception of the nuclear translocation of p65/p50 were the activation of the deubiquinating enzyme CYLD by YM155, which led to the inhibition of IKKβ, stabilization of IκBα and retention of NF-κB heterodimers in the cytosol. Importantly, the suppressive effects of YM155 were time-dependent and observed at the 24 h time point, and not earlier. TNF-α, a stimulator of NF-κB signaling did not affect its inhibitory properties. The ability of YM155 to intercept a major transcriptional pathway like NF-κB, would have important ramifications on the pharmacodynamics effects elicited by this unusual molecule.

Scientific reports. 2018 Jul 06*** epublish ***

Mei Yi Sim, John Shyi Peng Yuen, Mei Lin Go

Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 117543, Republic of Singapore. ., Department of Urology, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore, 169856, Republic of Singapore., Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 117543, Republic of Singapore.

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