The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic exendin-4 (Ex-4) treatment on corpus cavernosum (CC) dysfunction in methylglyoxal (MGO) administered rats.
Male rats were divided into four groups as control, MGO (75 mg/kg/day in drinking water for 12 weeks), MGO + low-dose Ex-4 (0. 1 μg/kg twice daily subcutaneously for 12 weeks concomitant with MGO), and MGO + high-dose Ex-4 (1 μg/kg twice daily subcutaneously for 12 weeks concomitant with MGO). Nitric oxide (NO)-mediated endothelium-dependent and neurogenic CC relaxations were evaluated by acetylcholine (ACh) and electrical field stimulation (EFS), respectively. Apoptosis was determined by TUNEL. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), phosphorylated eNOS (p-eNOS), NADPH oxidase subunit gp91phox (NOX2), and Rho kinase (ROCK2) expressions in CC were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Levels of the malondialdehyde (MDA) and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were also measured.
In MGO administered rats, both endothelium-dependent and neurogenic CC relaxations were significantly impaired as compared to controls. Apoptotic cell death and levels of MDA and AOPP increased significantly in MGO administered rats. eNOS and p-eNOS expressions decreased significantly in MGO group, while gp91phox expressions increased significantly. The diminished relaxation in response to ACh or EFS as well as the changes in expression of proteins in MGO groups were significantly improved by exendin-4 treatment. TUNEL-positive cells, and levels of MDA and AOPP in MGO group rats were also significantly reduced by exendin-4.
Exendin-4 treatment improves NO-mediated CC relaxations in MGO administered rats probably by inhibiting NADPH oxidase.
Peptides. 2018 May 21 [Epub ahead of print]
Selvinaz Dalaklioglu, Arda Tasatargil, Nilay Kuscu, Soner Celik, Ciler Celik-Ozenci, Sebahat Ozdem, Ayse Barutcigil, Ikbal Kucukcetin
Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pharmacology, 07070, Antalya, Turkey. Electronic address: ., Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pharmacology, 07070, Antalya, Turkey., Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Department of Histology and Embryology, 07070, Antalya, Turkey., Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Department of Biochemistry, 07070, Antalya, Turkey.