SATB1 and bladder cancer: Is there a functional link?

SATB1, a global genome organizer, has been shown to play a role in the development and progression of some solid tumors, but its role in bladder cancer is undetermined. Moreover, there is conflicting data about the role of SATB1 in other tumors. This study was initiated to assess a potential role for SATB1 with the hypothesis that SATB1 acts as a tumor promoter in bladder cancer.

We evaluated SATB1 expression in bladder cancer cell lines (HTB-5, HTB-9) and compared them to a benign urothelial cell line (UROtsa). Short-hairpin RNA was used to silence SATB1 in multiple cell lines, and cell death and cell proliferation were assessed using multiple assays.

SATB1 expression was increased significantly in all cancer cell lines compared to benign urothelial cells. SATB1 expression was knocked down by short-hairpin RNA and functional outcomes, including cell number, cell-cycle arrest, cell viability, and apoptosis after cisplatin treatment, were measured. Surprisingly, knockdown of SATB1 in 2 high-grade cancer cell lines showed opposing functional roles. Compared to the non-silencing control, HTB-5 cells, showed decreased cellular proliferation and increased sensitivity to cisplatin, whereas HTB-9 cells, showed increased cell numbers and increased resistance to cisplatin.

We conclude that our results in bladder cancer are consistent with the conflicting data reported in other cancers, and that SATB1 might have different roles in cancer dependent on genetic background and stage of the cancer.

Urologic oncology. 2017 Oct 24 [Epub ahead of print]

Dharamainder Choudhary, Jessica M Clement, Shilpa Choudhary, Olga Voznesensky, Carol C Pilbeam, Benjamin L Woolbright, John A Taylor

Department of Surgery, UConn Health, Farmington, CT., Department of Medicine, UConn Health, Farmington, CT., Department of Urology, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, KS., Department of Urology, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, KS. Electronic address: .

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