Comparative Perioperative Outcomes in Septuagenarians and Octogenarians Undergoing Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer-Do Outcomes Differ?

Treatment choice for muscle invasive bladder cancer continues to be radical cystectomy. However, radical cystectomy carries a relatively high risk of morbidity and mortality compared with other urological procedures.

To compare surgical complications following radical cystectomy in septuagenarians and octogenarians.

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2009-2013) was used to identify patients who were 70 yr and older and underwent radical cystectomy.

The data were analyzed for demographics and comorbidities, and compared for complications, including pulmonary, thromboembolic, wound, and cardiac complications. Patients who were 70-79 yr of age were compared with those 80 yr and older. Univariate and multivariate analyses were completed.

A total of 1710 patients aged ≥70 yr met our inclusion criteria. Of them, 28.8% (n=493) were 80 yr and older, while 71.2% (n=1217) were between 70 and 79 yr old. Operative time (338.4 vs 307.2min, p=0.0001) and the length of stay (11.9 vs 10.4 d, p=0.0016) were higher in the octogenarian group. The intra- and postoperative transfusion rates, reoperative rates, wound dehiscence rates, and pneumonia, sepsis, and myocardial infarction rates were similar between the two groups. The wound infection rate (7.3% vs 4.1%, p=0.01) was higher in the septuagenarians and mortality rate (4.3% vs 2.3%, p=0.04) was higher in the octogenarian group.

Radical cystectomy can safely be performed in octogenarians without increased cardiac, pulmonary, and thromboembolic complications when compared with septuagenarians. These patients need to be counseled that the mortality rate is slightly higher compared with that in septuagenarians. Chronological age alone should not be used to decide on offering radical cystectomy.

We looked at complications following radical cystectomy in patients aged 80 yr and older. We found that there was no significant difference for wound, cardiac, or pulmonary complications, but there was an increased risk of mortality in this age group.

European urology focus. 2017 Aug 30 [Epub ahead of print]

Tyler D Haden, Megan C Prunty, Alexander B Jones, Chelsea B Deroche, Katie S Murray, Naveen Pokala

Division of Urology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, One Hospital Dr., Columbia, Missouri, USA., Division of Urology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, One Hospital Dr., Columbia, Missouri, USA. Electronic address: .

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