Pleural Effusion Caused by Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Immunotherapy for Bladder Cancer.

Intravesical bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) instillation has been used as immunotherapy for early stage bladder cancer for >40 years. Complications from this therapy are rare but may result in a spectrum of infectious sequelae. Here we describe the case of an elderly man who presented with a pleural effusion and subcutaneous nodule several years after treatment with BCG.

Open forum infectious diseases. 2017 Jun 17*** epublish ***

Tara Rachakonda, Brian Kendall, Adam M Spivak, Jonathan Boltax

Department of Medicine., Division of Infectious Disease, and., Division of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Utah Hospital & Clinics and Huntsman Cancer Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah.