Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) instillation is broadly used to prevent bladder cancer recurrence or to treat carcinoma in situ. BCG infection is rare but can cause serious problems because this strain has intrinsic resistance to pyrazinamide, a first-line anti-tuberculosis drug. Furthermore, there had been no specific and easy procedure accurately diagnosing BCG infection. In this case report we present the first case of BCG cystitis diagnosed with a newly developed easy-to-use diagnostic procedure using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification method.
Urology case reports. 2017 Jun 30*** epublish ***
Kazuyoshi Tachi, Akinori Sato, Yuji Kouzaki, Takuya Maeda, Akihiko Kawana, Tomohiko Asano
Department of Urology, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8513, Japan., Division of Infectious Diseases and Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8513, Japan., Department of Microbiology, Saitama Medical University, Morohongo 38, Moroyama, Iruma-gun, Saitama, Japan.