Among the many milestones in the last several decades in the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer and high-risk nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer including the extension of the standard lymph node dissection and the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, minimally invasive techniques have gained traction as an attractive option for radical cystectomy. Open radical cystectomy is plagued with high rates of perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality, and as robotic assistance has demonstrated benefits in other arenas of surgery and urology, the evolution of the approach to radical cystectomy has likewise incorporated robotic assistance. We thus sought to critically review the literature comparing open radical cystectomy with robotic-assisted radical cystectomy. Perioperative and oncologic outcomes as well as cost analyses and health-related quality of life were compared between the two approaches, and identified manuscripts were categorized according to level of evidence.
Future oncology (London, England). 2017 Jun 26 [Epub]
Kyrollis Attalla, Marissa Kent, Nikhil Waingankar, Reza Mehrazin
Department of Urology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L Levy Pl, New York, NY 10029, USA.