Can We Predict Morbidity and Mortality of Patients Aged 75 Years and Older Undergoing Cystectomy?

Radical cystectomy is associated with a high postoperative mortality and morbidity in older patients. We aimed to define the predictive value of comorbidity scores and determine the prognostic factors of postoperative complications. Preoperative associated morbidities were collected and graded according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score system, the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation (ACE) scale and the Charlson comorbidity index. Surgical complications were graded according to Clavien classification. Early and late complications were recorded. Data are from 49 consecutive patients aged ≥ 75 years who had an open surgery for bladder cancer. The most commonly associated conditions were smoking, renal insufficiency, and arterial hypertension. Incidence of early and late complications was 49% and 16%, respectively. Four and 25 death events occurred during the early and late follow-up, respectively. The incidence of morbidity and mortality were not related to ASA, ACE or Charlson scores. Preoperative malnutrition, renal insufficiency, higher need of perioperative blood transfusions, and prolonged ileus were identified as risk factors of postoperative morbidity. Late complications seemed related to low weight.

The Journal of frailty & aging. 2017 Jan [Epub]

F Atallah, P Letocart, B Malavaud, M Ahmad, M Mazerolles, V Minville

Fouad Atallah, MD, Department of anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospitals of Toulouse, France, email: .