Prognostic impact of preoperative anemia on non-muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma treated with GreenLight laser vaporization

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative anemia (PA) on oncological outcomes among patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated with GreenLight laser vaporization of bladder tumor (PV-BT). Between January 2010 and December 2015, 407 patients with NMIBC who underwent PV-BT surgery were stratified into normal and anemia groups based on the World Health Organization classification (anemia cutoff value: hemoglobin level, <13.0 m g/dL in men and <12.0 mg/dL in women). The Student's t test and chi-square test were performed to assess the effects of PA on clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with NMIBC. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to investigate the influence of PA on oncological survival outcomes. Before PV-BT, 139 patients (34.2%) were anemic. No significant differences in age, sex, smoking habit, tumor size, focality, grade, and stage were found between the anemia and normal groups. At a median follow-up period of 32.5 months (range, 8-60 months), 74 patients (18.2%) had urothelial recurrence, 30 (7.4%) died from any cause, and 21 (5.2%) died from bladder cancer. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, preoperative anemia was significantly associated with decreased cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients with NMIBC. However, recurrence-free survival (RFS) showed no statistically significant difference between the PA and normal groups. The preoperative anemic patients with NMIBC who underwent PV-BT surgery had worse CSS and OS. PA can be a useful and cost-effective prognostic marker in the clinical practice for NMIBC treatment.

Lasers in medical science. 2016 Dec 24 [Epub ahead of print]

Fei Luo, Ya-Shen Wang, Yan-Hui Su, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Hong-Hong Sun, Jian Li

Department of Urology, Tianjin Union Medical Center, No. 190 Jie-yuan Road, Hong-qiao District, Tianjin, China., Department of Urology, Tianjin Union Medical Center, No. 190 Jie-yuan Road, Hong-qiao District, Tianjin, China. .

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe