Oncological and functional outcomes of postoperative total parenteral nutrition after radical cystectomy in bladder cancer patients: A single-center randomized trial

To prospectively evaluate the long-term oncological and functional outcomes of postoperative total parenteral nutrition after radical cystectomy.

A total of 157 consecutive patients (≤cT3, cN0, cM0) who underwent extended pelvic lymph node dissection, radical cystectomy and ileal urinary diversion from September 2008 to March 2011 at a single center were randomized to receive either postoperative total parenteral nutrition (group A; n = 74) or oral nutrition alone (group B; n = 83). All but two patients in group B (who were thus excluded from further analysis) had regular postoperative follow up at the Department of Urology, University of Bern, Switzerland. Computed tomography and bone scan were carried out to assess local recurrences and distal metastases. We used validated questionnaires to evaluate bowel function, sexual function and quality of life, and an institutional questionnaire to evaluate neobladder function.

The median follow up was 50 months (IQR 21-62). The rate of local recurrences (4/74 [5.4%] in group A; 4/81 [4.9%] in group B; P = 0.9) and the rate of distant metastases (23/74 [31%] in group A; 23/81 [28%] in group B; P = 0.72) did not differ between the two groups. There was no difference in cancer-specific (P = 0.86) and overall survival (P = 0.85). Group B patients had significantly better bowel function at 3 months (P = 0.03) and 12 months (P = 0.01). There was no difference in terms of quality of life, and sexual and neobladder function.

The administration of total parenteral nutrition after radical cystectomy does not impair long-term oncological outcomes. It does, however, negatively influence long-term bowel function.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2016 Oct 21 [Epub ahead of print]

Alvaro Vidal, Nicolas Arnold, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Bernhard Kiss, Fiona Burkhard, George N Thalmann, Beat Roth

Department of Urology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland., Department of Urology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. .