Impact of Glycemic Control and Metformin Use on the Recurrence and Progression of Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

The purpose of the present study was to determine the potential relationships of glycemic control and use of metformin with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer characteristics. We reviewed data from 645 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer between January 2004 and May 2015. We analyzed the association of pre and post-operative glycemic control and use of metformin with clinical characteristics of bladder tumors. We also analyzed the association of glycemic control and use of metformin with recurrence-free and progression-free survivals. Diabetes mellitus patients showed decreased recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio 1.42; 95% confidence interval 1.1-1.9; P = 0.021) and progression-free survival (hazard ratio 1.79; 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.8; P = 0.013). Diabetes mellitus patients with a HbA1c ≥ 7.0% demonstrated a higher rate of progression (P = 0.026). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that progression-free survival rate was associated with poor baseline glycemic control (P = 0.026) and post-operative glycemic control (P = 0.025). However, use of metformin had no impact on the recurrence (P = 1.00) and progression (P = 0.282). In conclusion, poor baseline and post-operative glycemic control was related with shorter progression-free survival of patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Use of metformin had no impact on the recurrence and progression. Therefore, tight glycemic control and close follow-up for bladder tumor may be beneficial in patients with poor glycemic control.

Journal of Korean medical science. 2016 Sep [Epub]

Ji Hoon Ahn, Seung Il Jung, Sang Un Yim, Sun Woo Kim, Eu Chang Hwang, Dong Deuk Kwon

Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. ., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.