Bladder cancer in a young patient: Undiscovered risk factors

Bladder cancer is one of the most common forms of malignancies involving the urinary system and multiple risk factors have been associated with its etiology. The most common of which include cigarette smoking and various occupational or chemical exposures.

It is usually diagnosed in older individuals with an average age of 70. In rare cases it is observed in children as well as young adults where it usually presents as a low-grade, non-invasive disease. In the present case report a 27-year-old male patient is discussed: The patient presented with no significant risk factors and was treated for mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder while further investigations were performed to identify other associated factors related to this form of malignancy. Debate in the literature exists in regards to the characteristics of bladder neoplasms in younger patients compared with older patients, however there is a lack of research into the etiology or prognosis in young patients. The present case study illustrates the case of a young adult with no clear risk factors who was diagnosed with a rare case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder.

Oncology letters. 2016 Mar 21 [Epub]

Rafay Khan, Hiyam Ibrahim, Sunil Tulpule, Nneka Iroka

Internal Medicine Department, Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA., Internal Medicine Department, Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA., Internal Medicine Department, Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA., Internal Medicine Department, Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, USA.