Systemic therapy for metastatic bladder cancer in 2016 and beyond

Metastatic urothelial cancer is generally associated with poor outcomes. In the first-line setting, platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard of care but resistance rapidly develops and the vast majority of patients ultimately experience disease progression.

Despite several decades of clinical drug development focused on the treatment of platinum-resistant metastatic urothelial cancer, as of late 2015 there are no standard therapies approved by the US FDA in this setting. However, preliminary results from a series of recent trials exploring innovative approaches forecast a 'sea change' in the management of this difficult to treat malignancy. Herein, we review new approaches for the management of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer focused on three key therapeutic target areas: recurrent somatic alterations, the tumor neovasculature and tumor-associated immune escape.

Future oncology (London, England). 2016 Feb 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Ana Collazo-Lorduy, Matthew D Galsky

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Department of Pathology, 1 Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA., Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Division of Hematology & Medical Oncology, Tisch Cancer Institute, 1 Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA.