There is a place for radical cystectomy and urinary diversion, including orthotopic bladder substitution, in patients aged 75 and older: Results of a retrospective observational analysis from a high-volume center

The incidence of cancer increases with age and owing to the changing demographics we are increasingly confronted with treating bladder cancer in old patients. We report our results in patients>75 years of age who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion.

From January 2000 to March 2013, a consecutive series of 224 old patients with complete follow-up who underwent RC and urinary diversion (ileal orthotopic bladder substitute [OBS], ileal conduit [IC], and ureterocutaneostomy [UCST]) were included in this retrospective single-center study. End points were the 90-day complication rates (Clavien-Dindo classification), 90-day mortality rates, overall and cancer-specific survival rates, and continence rates (OBS).

Median age was 79. 2 years (range: 75. 1-91. 6); 35 of the 224 patients (17%) received an OBS, 178 of the 224 patients (78%) an IC, and 11 of the 224 patients (5%) an UCST. The 90-day complication rate was 54. 3% in the OBS (major: Clavien grade 3-5: 22. 9%, minor: Clavien Grade 1-2: 31. 4%), 56. 7% in the IC (major: 27%, minor: 29. 8%), and 63. 6% in the UCST group (major: 36. 4%, minor: 27. 3%); P = 0. 001. The 90-day mortality was 0% in the OBS group, 13% in the IC group, and 10% in the UCST group (P = 0. 077). The Glasgow prognostic score was an independent predictor of all survival parameters assessed, including 90-day mortality. Median follow-up was 22 months. Overall and cancer-specific survivals were 90 and 98, 47 and 91, and 11 and 12 months for OBS, IC, and UCST, respectively. In OBS patients, daytime continence was considered as dry in 66% and humid in 20% of patients. Nighttime continence was dry in 46% and humid 26% of patients.

With careful patient selection, oncological and functional outcome after RC can be good in old patients. Old age as the sole criterion should not preclude the indication for RC or the option of OBS. In old patients undergoing OBS, satisfactory continence results can be achieved.

Urologic oncology. 2015 Sep 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Patrick Y Wuethrich, Alvaro Vidal, Fiona C Burkhard

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland; Department of Urology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern. , Department of Urology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern; Medicine faculty, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile and Fundación Arturo López Pérez, Santiago, Chile. , Department of Urology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern.