The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of concurrent weekly carboplatin chemotherapy in conjunction with definite radiation with or without adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
Between April 2010 and December 2013, 30 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer were evaluated retrospectively in this study. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with weekly carboplatin was initiated. CCRT was followed by 2 courses of carboplatin and gemcitabine limited to patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status < 3 and age < 80 years.
Thirty patients were treated and all completed the CCRT protocol. Seven of 8 patients (88%) achieved a pathological complete response (pCR) with CCRT alone, and 18 of 22 patients (82%) treated with CCRT followed by adjuvant chemotherapy had a pCR. The median follow-up was 23. 2 (range, 8. 3-40. 7) months. The median progression-free survival was 15. 9 months for the CCRT group, and not sufficient to evaluate CCRT followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. The median overall survival with CCRT was 18. 8 months, and had not yet been reached for CCRT with adjuvant chemotherapy. The protocol was well tolerated for adverse events.
Our study has shown that concomitant chemotherapy using weekly carboplatin in the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer is feasible and well tolerated, even in older patients. Additional adjuvant chemotherapy with 2 cycles of carboplatin and gemcitabine should be encouraged in physically fit patients. These results provide a basis for randomized studies to compare this approach with conventional therapy for patients who wish to preserve the bladder.
Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2015 Aug 29 [Epub ahead of print]
Yin-Hsun Feng, Kun-Hung Shen, Kuan-Hua Huang, Wen-Sheng Tzeng, Chien-Feng Li, Kuei-Li Lin
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Life Science, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan. Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Optometry, College of Medicine and Life Science, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. , Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan. , Department of Medical Imaging, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Science, College of Health Sciences, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan. , Department of Pathology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan. , Department of Radiation Oncology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.