The association between the recurrence of solitary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes - Abstract

Aim: To evaluate whether tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in biopsy specimens are associated with the clinical outcome of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

Methods: We retrieved tumor specimens from 115 patients with solitary papillary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer treated between 1996 and 2006 and constructed tissue microarrays. Patients were divided in two groups: those with recurrent disease (N=69) and those without recurrent disease (N=46) during the follow up of minimum 5 years. All patients were treated with initial transurethral resection and none received adjuvant therapy. Immunhistochemical staining was performed with anti-CD3, CD4, CD8, and Granzyme B (GrB). The CD4+:CD8+ and GrB+:CD8 ratios were determined.

Results: Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes were predominantly observed within cancer stroma, and only rare individual cells were observed intraepithelially. The group without recurrent disease had lower levels of CD3+ and CD8+ lymphocytes than the group with recurrent disease (P=0.0001, P=0.0002, respectively). The CD4+:GrB+ and GrB+:CD8+ ratios were significantly higher in patients without recurrent disease (P=0.0002, P=0.039, respectively).

Conclusion: This study revealed a possible connection between TIL number and bladder cancer recurrence. TIL subset ratio showed different patterns in recurrent and non-recurrent tumors, which is why it could become a useful a prognostic clinical index if our findings are confirmed in randomized trials.

Written by:
Krpina K, Babarovic E, Dordevic G, Fuckar Z, Jonjic N.   Are you the author?
Kristian Krpina, Department of Urology, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Tome Strizica 3, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

Reference: Croat Med J. 2012 Dec 15;53(6):598-604.
doi: 10.3325/cmj.2012.53.598

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23275325 Bladder Cancer Section