Discordance between preoperative and postoperative bladder cancer location: Implications for partial-bladder radiation - Abstract

PURPOSE:There is strong interest in partial-bladder radiation whether as a boost or definitive therapy to limit long-term toxicity.

It is unclear that a standard preoperative examination can accurately identify all sites of disease within the bladder. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between preoperative localization of bladder tumors with postoperative findings to facilitate partial-bladder radiation techniques when appropriate.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:We examined patients with clinically staged T1-T4 invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) or TCC with variant histology with no history of radiation or partial cystectomy undergoing radical cystectomy. Patients were scored as "under-detected" if a bladder site was involved with invasive disease (≥T1) at the time of cystectomy, but not identified preoperatively. Patients were additionally scored as "widely under-detected" if they had postoperative lesions that were not identified preoperatively in a given site, nor in any adjacent site. Rates of under-detected and widely under-detected lesions, as well as univariate and multivariate association between clinical variables and under-detection, were evaluated using logistic regression.

RESULTS:Among 222 patients, 96% (213/222) had at least 1 area of discordance. Fifty-eight percent of patients were under-detected in at least 1 location, whereas 12% were widely under-detected. Among 24 patients with a single site of disease on preoperative evaluation, 21/24 (88%) had at least 1 under-detected lesion and 14/24 (58%) were widely under-detected. On multivariate analysis, only solitary site of preoperative disease was associated with increased levels of under-detection of invasive disease (OR = 4.161, 95% CI, 1.368-12.657).

CONCLUSION: Our study shows a stark discordance between preoperative and postoperative localization of bladder tumors. From a clinical perspective, incomplete localization of all sites of disease within the bladder may lead to marginal misses when a partial-bladder technique is used.

Written by:
Goldsmith B, Tucker K, Conway RG, He J, Guzzo T, Bekelman J, Deville C, Vapiwala N, Malkowicz SB, Christodouleas J.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Reference: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Jul 3. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.05.022

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22763029

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