Detection of hyaluronidase RNA and activity in urine of schistosomal and non-schistosomal bladder cancer - Abstract

Diagnosis of bladder cancer is done by cystoscopy and cytology.

In the last decade, many urine-based tests for bladder cancer have been developed and tested in different populations. Hence, it was relevant to assess the diagnostic significance of urinary hyaluronidase RNA and its enzyme activity in bladder cancer. Seventy patients with bladder cancer, 56 patients with benign bladder lesions, and 49 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Voided urine samples from all subjects were used for estimation of urinary HAase RNA by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and determination of its enzymatic activity by zymography. There was a significant difference in the mean ranks and positivity rates of HAase RNA expression (P < 0.01) and its enzymatic activity among the three investigated groups: malignant, benign, and normal (P < 0.01). In detecting bladder cancer, the sensitivity of urine cytology (42.83 %) was improved to 100 % when combined with urinary Hyal RNA or Hyal enzyme activity. Detection of urinary Hyal RNA and its enzyme activity is promising noninvasive tests with high sensitivities and specificities for detection of bladder cancer.

Written by:
Eissa S, Shehata H, Mansour A, Esmat M, El-Ahmady O.   Are you the author?
Oncology Diagnostic Unit, Medical Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo, 11566, Egypt.

Reference: Med Oncol. 2012 Jul 4. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s12032-012-0295-8

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22760792 Bladder Cancer Section