Health Related Quality of Life in Patients with Bladder Cancer Receiving a Radical Cystectomy.

Radical Cystectomy (RC) and Urinary Diversion (UD) is a complex surgery associated with a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, HRQoL assessment is too often overlooked, with survival and complications being the most commonly investigated outcomes. This study aimed to identify the most impaired HRQoL features in patients receiving RC, compared to a healthy population (HP) control, as well as patients' recovery after surgery, differentiating between patients receiving ORC and RARC. Patients with Bca, who were candidates for RC with curative intent, were enrolled in the "BCa cohort". HRQoL outcomes were collected with an EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. These were collected at baseline, and then at 6-, 12- and 24 mo after surgery in the BCa cohorts, and at baseline in the HP cohort. A 1:1 propensity score matched (PSM)-analysis, adjusted for age, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and smoking history, was performed. Between January 2018 and February 2023, a total of 418 patients were enrolled in the study, 116 and 302 in the BCa and HP cohorts, respectively. After applying the 1:1 propensity scored match (PSM) analysis, two homogeneous cohorts were selected, including 85 patients in each group. Baseline HRQoL assessment showed a significant impairment in terms of emotional and cognitive functioning, appetite loss and financial difficulties for the BCa cohort. Among secondary outcomes, we investigated patients' recovery after RC and UD, comparing HRQoL outcome questionnaires between the HP and BCa cohorts at 6-, 12- and 24 mo after surgery, and a subgroup analysis was performed differentiating between patients receiving ORC and RARC with totally intracorporeal UD. Interestingly, ORC compared to RARC provided a major impact on HRQoL recovery across the early, mid and long term. In particular, the ORC cohort experienced a major impairment in terms of symptoms scales items such as fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain and appetite loss. Consequently, comparing ORC and RARC vs. HP reported a major HRQoL impairment in the ORC cohort, possibly defining a benefit of RARC in early, mid- and long-term recovery. To conclude, this study confirmed the undeniable impact of RC on HRQoL. Interestingly, we highlighted the benefit of RARC in early, mid- and long-term recovery, expressed as less impairment of symptoms scales.

Cancers. 2023 Dec 13*** epublish ***

Riccardo Mastroianni, Andrea Iannuzzi, Alberto Ragusa, Gabriele Tuderti, Mariaconsiglia Ferriero, Umberto Anceschi, Alfredo Maria Bove, Aldo Brassetti, Leonardo Misuraca, Simone D'Annunzio, Salvatore Guaglianone, Rocco Papalia, Giuseppe Simone

Department of Urology, IRCCS "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, 00144 Rome, Italy., Department of Urology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico, 00128 Rome, Italy.