The Use of Hospital Services by Patients With Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer in the Last Year of Life: Identifying the Areas to Improve Care.

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is associated with significant morbidity. However, patients' specific health needs have not been well defined. This study analyses the utilisation of hospital resources by MIBC patients in the 12 months before death, informing healthcare modelling and enabling service redesign to improve their quality of life.

All patients who died after being diagnosed with MIBC at a single hospital in the United Kingdom within four years were included. Patients' electronic health records were reviewed to collect data on all interactions with hospital services in their last year of life.

A total of 41 patients were included, with survival times ranging from one to 88 months (with a median of nine months). In the last year of life, a patient from this cohort had an average of 5.2 outpatient appointments and 2.3 emergency admissions leading to 17.1 days of inpatient stay and 1.3 operations/procedures. The most common reasons for emergency admission were for the management of haematuria (23%), urinary tract infection (23%), or chest infection (12%).

Patients with MIBC demonstrate significant utilisation of healthcare resources in their last year of life. An awareness of this should inform honest discussions with patients, earlier provision of palliative care, and proactive management of haematuria and urinary tract infections to improve care in this important stage of life.

Cureus. 2023 Nov 21*** epublish ***

Monty Matson, Tony Tien, George Yardy, Paula Allchorne, James S A Green

Department of Urology, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, GBR., Department of Urology, East Suffolk and North Essex NHS Foundation Trust, Colchester, GBR.